There are two simple rules we need to remember with respect to nithu(verb).
Verb Rule 1 : All verbs in kiliki end in ‘ni’.
baahaani is to ‘speak‘ and baahooni is to ‘tell‘. Similarly all KiLiKi verbs will end in ‘ni’ sound.
Verb Rule 2 : Past is ‘-ga‘, Present is ‘-de‘ & Future is ‘-fu‘
When we want to express the verb with tense such as past, present or future, we simply add a ‘-ga‘, ‘-de‘ or ‘-fu‘ tense marker at end of the verb with a hyphen.
Let us see how wee can use the simple verbs laalini and doalini in simple kiLiki sentences.
In the above image, Saaraa is telling ‘I will sing ‘iskiskifaa‘ for you‘. See how she uses the verb laalini (to sing) with the future tense marker ‘-fu‘ to convert it to ‘will sing‘
‘I am dancing‘ she says. Watch her use ‘doaleeni‘ (to dance) with present tense marker ‘-de‘ to change it to ‘am dancing‘. You do not have to use the verb luni(is/am/are) when another verb is present in the sentence. In other words, verb luni can be used only in verbless sentences such as ‘min idi luni saaraa‘ or ‘min luni saaraa‘.
hoofaani is to come.
hoofaani-de is coming.
hoofaani-ga is came.
hoofaani-fu is will come.
So ‘I will come tomorrow‘ will be ‘min funam-va hoofaani-fu‘. Here ‘funam-va‘ is the adverb ‘tomorrow‘. It is a good practice to place the adverb before the verb.
fahuni is to go.
fahuni-de is going.
fahuni-ga is went.
fahuni-fu is will go.
If you want to tell ‘She went to Japan in May‘ in kiLiki, the sentence will be ‘thaa fahuni-ga japabaa-chatae fiboamoa-chae‘.
Let us break down the above sentence for you to understand the structure better.
thaa is she/he
fahuni-ga is went
japabaa-chatae is to Japan
fiboamoa-chae is in May(fiboa is five & moa is month)
Also note that fuhani is shortened phonetic reversal of hoofaani. We use such shortened phonetic reversal to denote an opposite action when one exists. We will look into a few other such pairs.
Remember ‘I love you‘ is ‘min moovaani nim-ya‘ and note that there are no tense markers after moovaani as you need not mention ‘I loved you‘ or ‘I will love you‘, but you have the complete freedom to love in past and future. The ‘-ya‘ marker after nim is an accusative marker which we will look into in detail in another article.
Many words in KiLiKi originate from the shape of the letters. You can see in Image 5, goobini which means to open, has a closed box as first symbol and it is opened in the next. Similarly in buguni, an open box symbol in the first combo is closed in the second combo.
Also note that buguni is shortened phonetic reversal of goobuni. In most cases words with positive connotations will have the long vowels and with not-so-positive connotations will have short vowels. An easy tip for you to remember.
Looks like Saaraa is sleep-talking. She is telling ‘I am sleeping‘.
Let us tell her ‘vaasoanaenae‘.
At the time of writing this article, we have only around 200 verbs in our dictionary. We will be adding more verbs in the following months. Until a verb becomes available, feel free to use the verb in your favourite language along with the kiLiki tense markers.
Hope you had fun with verbs.