Categories
General Words

Emotions & Expressions

Emotions are pretty much similar across most languages. The way we express them changes from culture to culture. An event that incites anger in one culture gives happiness in another. Culture and society have a lot to play with what we feel and how we express. In this article we will explore different emotion and expression words in KiLiKi.

Image 1 : Emotion & Feel

ludi is emotion and ludini is the verb feel.

Image 2 : Expression & Express

Many of us usually confuse ourselves with the meanings of the words ‘emotion’ and ‘expression’. Emotion is what we feel and expression is the way in which we tell what we feel.

lidikaa is expression and the verb ludikaani means to express.

Image 3 : Joy, Happy, Smile & laugh

Image 3 lists the words and actions related to Joy. meekeelu-ja is happy. We have seen this word before. meemeeni is the verb smile and meemee is smile as the noun. hahaani is the verb laugh and hahaa is laugh as a noun.

Image 4 : Sadness, Sad & Cry

The phonetic reversal of meekeelu by shortening the vowels we get kimilu meaning sadness. kimini is the action of expressing sadness. It is equivlent to having a face with a frown. thaa kimini-ga means she expressed sadness. naaneeeni is cry. We know naa is eye and nee is water, so it is a simple coinage to denote the action of crying. naanee means tear.

Image 5 : Excitement and exciting

We know how to make an adjective from a noun. Simply take the noun form and add a -ja to the end to make it an adjecive. yaelu is excitement and yaelu-ja is adjective exciting. yaeluni is the verb excite.

Image 6 : Anger, Angry & Get Angry

zaane nim hoofaani, thaa zaane-va reeluni-fu is the sentence for if you come, then he will get angry. Carol Tavris in his ‘Anger – The Misunderstood Emotion’ explains different aspects of anger. It is an interesting read. Do check it out if you want to have a better understanding of anger.

Image 7 : Surprise, Surprise & Surpriced

Many nouns and verbs have the same word in English. Sometimes even the adjectivial forms carry the same word. The context of the word plays an important role in understanding the meaning or role of the word. In KiLiKi a word always means one thing. It can never take two different roles. We do not overload any word with multiple roles or meanings in KiLiKi. This makes the language a bit bulky but we save on a lot  by avoiding ambiguity.

Image 8 : Disgust, Disgust & Disgusting

unoabi chechelu-ja vilichimichi is a disgusting movie
min chechelu-ga is I was disgusted

Image 9 : Fear, Scare & Scary
Image 10 : Shame & Shameful
Image 11 : Guilt & Guilty

In this article we’ve explored many new words and how to remember them. If you remember the noun form of the emotion, you can easily recollect the action word and descriptive form of the same word.

Our first KiLiKi kids batch has completed its course and the students are working on their story projects. Thanks to them we have added more than 750 new words to the dictionary. Check out their cute expressions in their comic Avatars below and guess thier emotion in KiLiKi.

Image 12 : KiLiKi Kids First Batch – Comic Avatar Expressions

You all have a meekeelu-ja venam.
bazaa!

Categories
Languages Words

Colours and Intensifiers

yudi is colour in KiLiKi.
KiLiKi has eleven basic colours and five intensifiers to denote the intensity of these colours. These intensifiers can be also used to modify any adjective or adverb in KiLiKi. First, we will explore the eleven basic colours.

Image 1 : White

As colours are used as adjectives, they end with a -ja suffix. When you want to use the colour as a noun meaning whiteness, then you can remove the –ja and use just vayu.

Image 2 : Black

sufi is skin
kaaryu-ja sufi is black skin

Image 3: Grey

Jee is metal (we saw in seven elements)
Jeeyu-ja is grey or gray.

Image 4 : Red

There are languages which have just two words to differentiate colours. Some have four. In many langauges, green and blue are the same colour. It’s language that shapes our mind to see colours in a certain way.

rariyu-ja is red.

Image 5 : Blue

Vee is aether
Veenaa is sky
Veeyu-ja is blue

Image 6 : Green

lee is leaf
leeyu-ja is green

Image 7 : Yellow

rae is sun
raeyu-ja is yellow

Image 8 : Pink

pinyu-ja is pink
pinyu-ja sepaa is pink dress

Image 9 : Violet

ziziliyu-ja is violet
ziziliyu-ja veenaa is violet sky

Image 10 : Orange

ranjaloochi is orange(fruit)
ranjayu-ja is orange(colour)

Image 11 : Brown

yee is wood (one of our seven elements)
yeeti is tree
yeeyu-ja is brown

These are the eleven basic colours in KiLiKi. Wee can use the intensifiers in the following section to describe the intensity of these colours.

Intensifiers

KiLiKi has five level intensifiers. These intensifiers can be added in front of any adverb or adjective to denote the intensity of the description.

Image 12 : Intensifiers

uleslight
dulemild
moleaverage
cholesuper
fileextreme

The english translations of these words may not be exact equivalents for the transition from slight to extreme. They are used only to give an idea of how the intensity varies.

We can remember these five intensifiers easily with the first five numbers. unoa, dunoa, movoa, chovoa and fiboa. The first sound of these letters combine with le to form these intensifiers.

We will see how we can use these intensifiers in phrases and sentences.

ule pinyu-ja sepaa is slight pink dress
chole deb-ja yeeti is super small tree
file rariyu-ja kazi is extreme red car

We have to note that the intensifier describes only the descriptor and not the object. In the above example extreme is only for red and not for the car.

chole boathoa-ja miyaagari is super fat cat
chole thobo-ja miyaagari is super thin cat

We can see how chole can be used to describe both fat and thin.

thaa file seeleeree-va hoofaani-de is she is coming extemely slow.

In the above example an intensifier is used to describe an adverb.

Each of the colours mentioned in this article can be combined with the five intensifiers to get another fifty five shades of colours.

ule veeyu-jaslight blue (lightest)
dule veeyu-jamild blue
mole veeyu-ja average blue
chole veeyu-jasuper blue
file veeyu-jaextreme blue (darkest)

Now, you can play with colours in kiLiki.

bazaa.

Categories
Languages Words

Parts of Face

In this article, we will learn the different parts of the face and the action words associated with them.

Image 1 : Face

Loaki and Meenaa will be our models for this class. foo is the word for face in KiLiKi. thae means head.

Image 2 : Eye

naa is the word for eye. You can seee how naa is used to build two verbs see and look. As we know all verbs in KiLiKi end in ni, naani is look and naanaani is see.

min naanaani thaa-ya is I am seeing her.

Image 3 : Ear

vibi is the word for ear and vibini is the action word hear and vibivibini the action word listen.

min-ta vibi is My ear.
min vibini nim-ta maa-ya is I heard your mother.
thaa vibivibini-de laali-ya is He is listening to a song.

Image 4 : Nose

moa is nose and moani is the action word smell.

nim-ta deb-ja moa is your small nose.

Image 5 : Mouth

As you would have guessed, the most prominant action with that part is given by the verb that is formed using the same word. Mouth may be associated with speech and eating, but eating is the primary activity, right?

Thereby, voag is mouth and voagini is the action word eat.

min maemae-tikae voagini-fu is I will eat in the evening.
nim tengini baed-ja voag is You have a big mouth.

Image 6 : Lip

mumu is lip and mumuni is thereby, the action word kiss. Even if you had disagreed with us on the primary funtion of the mouth, you would not disagree with mumuni, right?

min mumuni-ga min-ta maa-ya is I kissed my mother.
thaa-ta rariyu-ja mumu*kle is Her red lips.

Image 7 : Tongue

theli is the word for tongue and thelini is the action word taste. We can hear a few of you telling you have better things to do with tongue. We’ll not even argue with you.

Image 8 : Tooth

rik is tooth, rik*kle is teeth and rikini is the action word bite.

veeyu-ja rik is blue tooth.
nim-ta bavgari rikini-ga min-ta moovaafaa is your dog bit my boyfriend.

Not just the action words, the senses of most of these parts are also derived from the name of the parts.

sendi is sense
naasen is sense of sight
moasen is sense of smell
vibisen is sense of hearing
moasen is sense of smell

One of our learners, Bhaskaran, has penned a lovely song in KiLiKi, on sleep, with the words and grammar he has learn so far. Our first batch of kids from India, Australia and Malaysia have completed two weeks of training and are now able to read and write big words as well as small sentences in KiLIki. Happy to see the language slowly spreading across the world.

More than 500 new words have been added along with definitions and examples in our dictionary.

Keep exploring the language and keep surprising us with your KiLiKi creations.

bazaa

Categories
Grammar Words

Question Words

This article will introduce basic question words (Interrogative words) in KiLiKi.

koovae is the word for the noun question and koovaeni is the verb to question. The phonetic inverse veku is the word for the noun answer and vekuni is the verb to answer or reply.

Question Marker

Wee can use the question marker *kve to almost any word to convert it to a question.

Image 1 : Question Marker

Question Words

ka*kve is the question word for seeking information about something or someone. It is equivalent to interrogative pronoun what in English.

Image 2 : What

fa*kve is question word equivalent to the English interrogative pronoun who, and seeks to know which person.

Image 3 : Who

cha*kve is the word to question the location of something or someone. It is the equivalent to the English interrogative adverb where.

Image 4 : Where

tik*kve is the question word to ask at what time? It is the equivalent of English interrogative adverb when.

Image 5 : When

ha*kve is the question word to ask in what way? or in which manner? It is the equivalent to the English interrogative adverb how

Image 6 : How

na*kve is the question word that asks to specify one, from a set of things. It is the equivalent of the Engish interrogative pronoun which

Image 7 : Which

kari*kve is the question word that asks for reason or purpose of an action. It is the equivalent of the English interrogative adverb why.

Image 8 : Why

fi*kve is the question word to ask for the position of something or someone in an ordered set. It does not have an English equivalent, so the translation in the image below is just a rough translation of how we can say it in English.

Image 9 : [Questioning Position in an ordered set]

The answer to the above question can be unoa-fi (1st), dunoa-fi(2nd), movoa-fi(3rd) or any such number like dun-tam-siboa-fi (26th).

Now you know how to ask questions in KiLiKi. We learn about the worlds outside and inside by asking questions. Keep questioning. We will get our answers one day.

bazaa

Categories
Languages Words

50 Nature Words

In this article, we will learn 50 words related to nature. If you remember nee as the word for water, you will be able to understand the meaning behind these names.

Water

Image 1 : Sea, River, Lake and other Water Bodies

Land

Image 2 : Land, Stone & Mountain

Stones

Image 3 : Rocks and Types of Rocks

Animals, Bacteria, Virus…

Image 4 : Mammal, Bird, Fish, Reptile, Bacteria and Others

Plants

Image 5 : Tree, Plant, Forest and more

Life, Birth & Death

Image 6 : Life, Birth & Death

In one of our previous articles, we learnt that neeflafeenam is the word for birthday. We now understand how the word was coined.

Try using these words and form simple sentences. We will introduce more words and grammar in the upcoming articles.

bazaa!

Categories
Grammar Languages

Noun and Cases

In this article, we will be exploring kiLiki noun and noun cases. Like Latin, Russian, Tamil or Telugu, KiLiKi is an inflecting language, where nouns are modified with case markers. In kiLiki, these cases are appended to a noun’s end with a hyphen mark.

Before getting inside the cases and case markers for nouns, first let us revisit how to add a plural marker to a noun.

Image 1 : Plural Marker

In the example in Image 1, thu means ‘word’ in singular. When the click symbol *kle is added ‘word’ becomes ‘words’. This is a universal rule for all nouns in kiLiki. It does not matter if the noun is abstract like ‘love’ or ‘wisdom’. Any noun can be converted to its plural by adding the symbol *kle.

Let us explore a few kiLiki nouns with plural markers.

Image 2 : Nouns with Plurals

As you can see in Image 2, a few of these words may be grammatically incorrect in other languages. They are perfectly correct formations in kiLiki.

Noun Rule 1 : Use the click *kle as the plural marker. It can be added at the end of any noun to denote it in its plural form.
No Exceptions

Noun Inflections

In languages that have very few inflection, such as English, we have prepositions such as in, from, to, and so on that appear before a noun to tell the role of the noun in that sentence. In kiLiki, we have a minimal set of inflections where noun cases are added to the end of the noun to denote the role of the noun in the sentence.

We have nine different types of cases and associated case markers in kiLiki. The following list gives you the noun cases in a nutshell.

Case 1 : Nominative (no marker) bavgari is dog
Case 2 : Accusative (-ya) min laakeeni nim-ya is I like you.
Case 3 : Genetive (-ta) pamaa-ta linkit is grandmother’s phone.
Case 4 : Ablative Separation (-fae) hee-fae is from air.
: Ablative Origin (-chafae) delhi-chafae is from Delhi.
Case 5 : Instrumental (-jo) japijoo-jo is with knife.
Case 6 : Dative To (-chatae) brisbaen-chatae is to Brisbane.
: Dative For (-fatae) nim-fatae is for you.
Case 7 : Place Locative (-chae) nyuyaark-chae is in NewYork
Case 8 : Time Locative (-tikae) maemae-tikae is in the evening.
Case 9 : Vocative (-hoa) fen-hoa is Hey friend!

In the following sections, let us look at what each of these cases mean in detail.

Case 1 : Nominative

Nominative nouns do not have any case markers. The nouns appear as they are and denote the subject of a sentence.

yeeti is tree
zemil is email
saalpupu is salt

As you see in the examples above, the kiLiki words appear as they are without any change.

Case 2 : Accusative ‘-ya’

The subject in a sentence will be denoted by a nominative without adding any case suffix. The object of a sentence on which the action is performed is the accusative. A noun can be made an accusative by adding ‘-ya‘ marker after the noun.

Image 3 : I like you.

In the above example in Image 3, min is the nominative noun without any case marker. laakeeni is the verb ‘like’ and the action is performed on the object nim and to convert nim to its accusative form, we add the accusative market ‘-ya‘ and make it nim-ya

This gives us the flexibility to change the order of these words and not change the meaning.

min laakeeni nim-ya
min nim-ya laakeeni
nim-ya laakeeni min
nim-ya min laakeeni
laakeeni min nim-ya
laakeeni nim-ya min

All of the above sentences mean ‘I like you’ and are grammatically correct. Where as in English ‘I like you’ and ‘you like I’ are two different sentences and the later is grammatically incorrect.

We have a few additional variations of the accusative case. We will look at those variations later.

Case 3 : Genetive ‘-ta’

When we want to tell that one object belongs to another object, we use a Genetive Possessive Marker ‘-ta‘. This is equivalent to converting the English noun ‘sister’ to its possessive form ‘sister’s’ by adding a ‘s at end of the noun.

jamgari is the Nominal form (camel)
jamgari-ta is the Genetive Possessive form (camel’s)

So, jamgari-ta thae means camel’s head

min-ta means my
nim-ta means your
thaa-ta means his, her or its

Image 4 : My dog is tasting you

In the example in Image 4, we can see how min(I) is converted to its possessive form min-ta(my).

Similar to accusative, we have different variations of the Genetive case which we will explore at a later stage.

Case 4 : Ablative ‘-fae’ & ‘-chafae’

When an object separates from another object, we can denote it with an Ablative Separation Marker ‘-fae‘.

benee is sea
benee-fae is (separation) from sea

thaa sheenkaani-de saal-ya benee-fae literally means ‘she/he is making salt from sea

The ‘-fae‘ marker is used only in the sense of separating one from the other.

When we want tell that an object originates from another object like ‘The cake is from London’, we use another variation called the Ablative Origin Marker ‘-chafae‘.

So, thaa luni indibaa-chafae means ‘He/She is from India

We have a few other such variations of the Ablative for us to explore later.

Case 5 : Instrumental ‘-jo’

When we want to denote that an action is performed with another object(instrument), we can use the Instrumental Means Marker ‘-jo‘.

japijoo is knife
japijoo-jo is with knife

Image 5 : She is cutting the fruit with a knife

In the above examples you can see how these markers work together.

Thaa is she (nominative without any case marker)
japini-de is cutting (cut with –de the present tense marker)
loochi-ya is fruit (accusative with –ya marker)
The marker –ya tells us that the fruit is being cut as the accusative marker tells which noun the action is being performed on.
japijoo-jo is with knife (Instrumental with –jo marker)
The marker -jo tells us that the knife is the instrument used to perform the action.

Case 6 : Dative ‘-chatae’ and ‘-fatae’

When we want to denote that an action by one object is happening to another object we use the Dative Destination Marker
-chatae‘.

soamaalibaa is Somalia
soamaalibaa-chatae is to Somalia

Image 6 : From India to Russia

We use the Ablative Origin marker ‘-chafae‘ to denote from and Dative Destination Marker ‘-chatae‘ to denote to. You can remember both these markers by knowing that cha is the symbol for location. fae to denote from and tae to denote to.

When we want to denote that an action is performed by an one object for another object, we use the Dative Agent Marker
‘-fatae‘.

nim is you
nim-fatae is for you

min sheenkaani-ga dhiki-ya nim-fatae
is I made this for you.

It is easy to remember when to use ‘-chatae‘ and when to use ‘-fatae‘. When the object it attaches becomes the destination like ‘I gave it to you‘ or ‘I came to Hyderabad‘ we use ‘-chatae‘.

When the object it attached to is for which the action is done, like ‘We won it for Australia‘ or ‘This world is for us‘ we use
‘-fatae‘.

Case 7 : Place Locative ‘-chae’

When we want to denote where an action is happening we use the Place Locative (in) Marker ‘-chae‘.

landan is London
landan-chae is in London

Image 7 : His aunt lives in Chile.

min-ta laa-chae is in my heart
papaa-ta naa-chae is in grandfather’s eye

There are different variations of the place locative to say different relative positions like
inside(-thoochae),
outside(-poochae),
above (-meechae),
below (-keechae)
and a few more.

We will see the complete list later. Just remember that all Place Locatives end in ‘chae‘ sound.

Case 8 : Time Locative ‘-tikae’

When we want to denote when an action is happening to the object, we use the Time Locative (in) Marker ‘-tikae‘.

raerae is morning
raerae-tikae is in the morning

Image 8 : Mom’s friend will come in the evening.

Let us breakdown the words and markers in the above sentence.

maa is mother
maa-ta is mother’s
fen is friend
hoofaani is come
hoofaani-fu is will come
maemae is evening
maemae-tikae is in the evening

In the above image try to read and understand what Meenaa is saying to someone in the call and why Loki is giving that expression.

Nope. We are not going to explain that here. Check out the dictionary. Avoid the markers and search for the nouns or verbs in the dictionary to figure out what Meena might be talking.

Case 9 : Vocative ‘-hoa’

When we want to address an object and talk to the object, we use the Vocative Marker ‘-hoa‘. It does not matter if the object has life or not. It can be a person, animal, insect, rock, ocean, wisdom, paper cup, sky, robot, flying cars or anything. We have the licence to talk to almost anything.

yeeti is tree
yeeti-hoa is oh tree!

thaan is husband
thaan-hoa is oh husband!

siri is apple’s siri
siri-hoa is hey siri!

laelae is flower
laelae-hoa is hey flower!

fen is friend
fen-hoa is hey friend!

Saanaelaalaa! You have now learned the nine noun cases in KiLiKi.

As mentioned in the sections above, most of these cases have minor variations. We will look at them in detail in the upcoming articles.

Try using these phrases and build simple sentences. We will look at sentence structures and word ordering soon.

fen-hoa!
bazaa.

Categories
Languages Words

Seven Elements

There are seven elements documented in KiLiKi. veneli is the word for element. Many words in kiLiki are derived from these words. Let us visit Saaraa’s garden. She will help us learn the seven elements.

Image 1 : Aether
Image 2 : Air
Image 3 : Earth
Image 4 : Water
Image 5 : Wood
Image 6 : Metal
Image 7 : Fire
Image 8 : Seven Elements

The symbol for y in kiLiki looks like a tree. ‘yee‘ is the word for the element wood. yeeti, the word for tree and yeetikidiki, the word for forest were coined from the root ‘yee‘.

Similarly, other elements have been derived from other such symbols and are used as the root for many other words in the kiLiki language.

Categories
Grammar Languages

KiLiKi Verb

There are two simple rules we need to remember with respect to nithu(verb).

Verb Rule 1 : All verbs in kiliki end in ‘ni’.
No exceptions.

Image 1 : Speak & Tell

baahaani is to ‘speak‘ and baahooni is to ‘tell‘. Similarly all KiLiKi verbs will end in ‘ni’ sound.

Verb Rule 2 : Past is ‘-ga‘, Present is ‘-de‘ & Future is ‘-fu
No Exceptions.

When we want to express the verb with tense such as past, present or future, we simply add a ‘-ga‘, ‘-de‘ or ‘-fu‘ tense marker at end of the verb with a hyphen.

Image 2 : Sing & Dance

Let us see how wee can use the simple verbs laalini and doalini in simple kiLiki sentences.

In the above image, Saaraa is telling ‘I will sing ‘iskiskifaafor you‘. See how she uses the verb laalini (to sing) with the future tense marker ‘-fu‘ to convert it to ‘will sing

I am dancing‘ she says. Watch her use ‘doaleeni‘ (to dance) with present tense marker ‘-de‘ to change it to ‘am dancing‘. You do not have to use the verb luni(is/am/are) when another verb is present in the sentence. In other words, verb luni can be used only in verbless sentences such as ‘min idi luni saaraa‘ or ‘min luni saaraa‘.

Image 3 : Come & Go

hoofaani is to come.
hoofaani-de is coming.
hoofaani-ga is came.
hoofaani-fu is will come.

So ‘I will come tomorrow‘ will be ‘min funam-va hoofaani-fu‘. Here ‘funam-va‘ is the adverb ‘tomorrow‘. It is a good practice to place the adverb before the verb.

fahuni is to go.
fahuni-de is going.
fahuni-ga is went.
fahuni-fu is will go.

If you want to tell ‘She went to Japan in May‘ in kiLiki, the sentence will be ‘thaa fahuni-ga japabaa-chatae fiboamoa-chae‘.

Let us break down the above sentence for you to understand the structure better.

thaa is she/he
fahuni-ga is went
japabaa-chatae is to Japan
fiboamoa-chae is in May(fiboa is five & moa is month)

Also note that fuhani is shortened phonetic reversal of hoofaani. We use such shortened phonetic reversal to denote an opposite action when one exists. We will look into a few other such pairs.

Image 4 : Love & Hate

Remember ‘I love you‘ is ‘min moovaani nim-ya‘ and note that there are no tense markers after moovaani as you need not mention ‘I loved you‘ or ‘I will love you‘, but you have the complete freedom to love in past and future. The ‘-ya‘ marker after nim is an accusative marker which we will look into in detail in another article.

Image 5 : Open & Close

Many words in KiLiKi originate from the shape of the letters. You can see in Image 5, goobini which means to open, has a closed box as first symbol and it is opened in the next. Similarly in buguni, an open box symbol in the first combo is closed in the second combo.

Also note that buguni is shortened phonetic reversal of goobuni. In most cases words with positive connotations will have the long vowels and with not-so-positive connotations will have short vowels. An easy tip for you to remember.

Image 6 : Begin & End
Image 7 : Upload & Download
Image 8 : Sleep & Wake

Looks like Saaraa is sleep-talking. She is telling ‘I am sleeping‘.
Let us tell her ‘vaasoanaenae‘.

At the time of writing this article, we have only around 200 verbs in our dictionary. We will be adding more verbs in the following months. Until a verb becomes available, feel free to use the verb in your favourite language along with the kiLiki tense markers.

Hope you had fun with verbs.
bazaa!

Categories
Grammar Languages

Grammar Elements

Before getting into KiLiKi grammar, let us look at a few basic grammar terminologies in KiLiKi. By this time, you must be familiar with the KiLiKi alphabet. Now we will learn how to say ‘letter‘, ‘vowel‘, ‘consonant‘ or ‘combo‘ in KiLiKi.

Figure 1 : Letter, Vowel, Consonant & Combo

As we can see ‘bi’ as in the English word ‘bi‘ is the word for ‘letter‘. A ‘bi‘ can be ‘abi‘(vowel) or ‘babi‘(babi). You can place an ‘abi‘ on top of a ‘babi‘ to create an ‘ababi‘(combo). ‘bibit‘ is the word for ‘alphabet

Figure 2 : Word, Sentence, Click & Language

thu‘ is the KiLiKi word for ‘word‘. So ‘sentence‘ becomes ‘thuthu‘. ‘kiLik‘ is the word for ‘click‘. Now you know how kiLiKi leelaa got its name. Yes. ‘leelaa‘ is the word for language.

inglish leelaa‘ – English.
french leelaa‘ – French.
thelugu leelaa‘ – Telugu.
hindhi leelaa‘ – Hindi
thamiL leelaa‘ – Tamil

Note that the names of the languages are converted phonetically, with the nearest matching sounds in KiLiKi, in the way they are pronounced. If you have a doubt on how to convert a name phonetically in KiLiKi, please visit our earlier blog article.

Figure 3 : Noun, Verb, Adjective & Adverb

ka‘ is the sound that represents objects. ‘kathu‘ is ‘ka‘(object) + ‘thu‘(word). ‘kathu‘ means ‘noun‘ in KiLiKi. All action words in KiLiKi end in ‘ni‘. ‘nithu‘ is the word for ‘verbs‘.

All adjectives in KiLiKi end in ‘-ja‘. ‘jathu‘ is the word for ‘adjective‘. Similarly all adverbs end with ‘-va‘ and ‘vathu‘ is the word for ‘adverb‘.

Figure 4 : Pronoun, Conjunction, Preposition & Interjection

We have seen that ‘thaa‘ is the word to refer to ‘he/she‘ or any living thing. ‘thaakathu‘ is the word for pronoun. ‘ne‘ is the word for the most frequently used conjunction ‘and‘ and ‘nethu‘ means ‘conjunction‘.

English has prepositions such as ‘in‘ or ‘to‘ that comes usually before a noun. In KiLiKi prepositions are called ‘finkathu‘. ‘fin‘ means ‘end‘. Unlike English leelaa, in KiLiKi ‘finkathu‘ comes at end of a noun with a hyphen marker to separate it from the noun. We will look into ‘finkathu‘ in detail in our upcoming articles.

Did you know words such as ‘hello‘, ‘bye‘, ‘yes‘, ‘no‘ or ‘oops‘ are interjections(exclamations) in English grammar? ‘yaathu‘ is the word for interjection in KiLiKi.

findaat‘ is the word for fullstop and ‘shùdaat‘ is the word for comma.

This is the end of our short grammar basic terminologies lesson. We will be looking at each of these terms in detail in the upcoming sessions.

nim rilis-va vaaneeni-de kiLiki leelaa.
saanElaalaa!


bazaa!

Categories
Languages Words

Common Words, Phrases and Sentences in KiLiKi

Greetings, introduction, please & sorry are most common words, sentences or phrases in a language. In this article we will explore the most common ones. Meet Loki here. He is saying ‘vaasoaraerae‘ to you.

Image 1 : Good Morning

rae‘ is the word for sun. ‘raerae‘ is morning. ‘vaasoa-ja‘ is the adjective ‘good‘. The word ‘vaasoaraerae‘ is a single word formed by combining an adjective and a noun. In such cases the ‘-ja‘ adjective marker should be removed. When we want to say ‘good sister‘ we should write it as ‘vaasO-ja see‘.

Image 2 : Thanks
Image 3 : What is your name?

‘*kve‘ is the question symbol. ‘ka‘ denotes an object and ‘ka*kve‘ is the word for question word what.

Image 4 : I am Saaraa

We already saw another way to say your name. Here is a simpler way. ‘min*tta idi luni saaraa‘ is the other way which would translate to ‘my name is Saaraa‘.

Image 5 : Good Day!

nam‘ is day
denam-va‘ is today
ganam-va‘ is yesterday
funam-va‘ is tomorrow

As we have already seen ‘de‘ ‘ga‘ and ‘fu‘ are the markers to denote present, past and future respectively. We saw them when we introduced verbs. As ‘yesterday‘, ‘today‘ and ‘tomorrow‘ are adverbs, their corresponding words end in ‘-va‘ adjective marker.

Image 6 : Please

All adverbs end with a ‘-va‘ marker. The adverb ‘Please‘ is ‘liz-va‘ in KiLiKi.

Please speak to her‘ can be translated as ‘liz-va baahaani thaa-chatae

Image 7 : Good Evening

mae‘ is the word for moon. ‘maemae‘ is evening.
nae‘ is the word for star. So now you know what the word for night is and how to say good night?

Yes. ‘naenae‘ is the word for night and ‘vaasoanaenae‘ is good night.

Image 8 : Happy Bithday

Let us breakdown the words ‘meekilu-ja neeflafeenam’

meekeelu-ja‘ is an adjective meaning happy
neef‘ comes from the adjective neef-ja meaning ‘beginning
lafee‘ is the word for life.
There by ‘neeflafee‘ means ‘birth
nam‘ is the word for day.

Now you can wish your dear ones ‘meekeelu-ja neeflafeenam‘ in KiLiKi. Take this image to the cake shop and ask them to write Happy Birthday in KiLiKi along with your dear one’s name in KiLiKi script. In the below image, Meenaa is wishing Loki a Happy Birthday.

Image 9 : How are you?

The single KiLiKi word ‘nimvaasoa*kve‘ roughly translates to ‘you good?’ meaning ‘how are you?‘ or ‘are you fine?

The answer to the question can be
zaan. nim*kve‘ – ‘yes. how about you?
vaasoa-ja‘ – ‘good
naz. vaasoa*rrr‘ – ‘nope. not good‘ (*rrr is a click sound that negates a word)
sova-ja. nim*kve‘ – ‘bad. how about you?
vaasoava-ja‘ – ‘it is both good and bad‘ or ‘it is so-so

Image 10 : I will call you tomorrow.

funam-va‘ is tomorrow
koovini‘ is the verb ‘to call

Check out how Meenaa is telling Loki ‘I will call you’.

Language is always fun to learn with a partner. Please find a partner and practice these phrases and sentences with them. We will soon have audio and video for the same available in our site.

vaasoanam nim-chatae
bazaa!